The sacramental nature of the Hindu marriage implies that “as marriage is said to be sacred it is irrevocable, the parties to the marriage cannot dissolve it at will. The belief in the indissolubility of the Hindu marriage springs out of the recognition of the spiritual ideals of marriage. The Hindu marriage is also viewed not as “an ordinary affair wherein the weakness of flesh plays a dominant part.” On the contrary, the basis of the marriage is the fulfillment of duties at the cost of personal gratification and pleasures. It is a sacred union between a man and a woman with the sole purpose of begetting a male child. These rites and rituals envisaged the Hindu marriage as a religious sacrament, which included Vivah Homa, saptapadi, panigrahana, kanyadana, pradakshina, etc. ‘Dharma Praja sampathyartham, rathi sukha sithyartham striyamudvahe’. All Hindus are expected to marry—almost as a religious duty. Of late, Hindu marriage has undergone several changes. As regards the examination of the Hindu marriage in the light of its sacramental character, we must begin with the concept of sacrament. Being catalyzed by the explosive economic, social and cultural changes that have molded the needs of people in Indian society, the aims, functions and motives of Hindu marriages have kept on evolving with the demand of its constituent members. Privacy Policy 8. As per Veda’s, a man is only complete when he gets married. The Grihasthashrama commences after marriage and is required for the fulfilment of ‘panchamahajajnas’ or five great sacrifices as the recitation of Vedas at home, burning oblations for gods, offering Sraddhha Tarpana, receiving and entertaining guests, and giving food to the Bhutas. Marriage in India is a Sacrament. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. I worship Shankar in the from of Fire God, the God of good repute and the protector of husband. 2. The Hindu marriage is also considered a sacrament in another sense. From the above discussion the following points may be deduced in favour of the sacramental character of Hindu marriage. If we turn over the pages of our Hindu Shastras; or if we have a glance over ancient Hindu Jurisprudence, we find that the Hindu marriage ceremony is the last of the ten sacraments or the purifying ceremonies.It is a religious necessity rather than a mere physical luxury. are duly performed by a Brahmin with Agni Devata taking cognizance of the rites. I and my husband be free from death as the ripe melon is freed from its knot in the creeper. It is devoid of none but the blending of the two. Contractor Sacrament of Marriage. A Hindu marriage is deemed valid and complete only when certain religious rites like ‘home’, ‘ Panigrahana’, ‘Saptapadi’ etc. Marriage of a Hindu couple is not only a union of a man and women but is considered as a sacrament. Sanskara is a socio religious rites by performance of which life of present Hindu is samctified. Rather, marriage is … They have to perform the religious duties jointly. Eighty, the unmarried persons are considered incomplete and imperfect and marriage makes their life complete. The Hindu ideal emphasises the individual […] Sacrament is a symbolic religious ceremony to which are often added confirmation, penance, ordination ad matrimony. A sacramental union implies that it is a permanent bond which does not end in this world or after the death of either partner but it continues even after death, in the next life. ‘Pindas’ by the way, are not mere rice-balls, but highly mystic symbols through which higher degrees of reality such as the names represent can actually be contacted. Refutation of the criticism about ‘the sacrament of marriage’ Many people have criticised Sanatan Vedic Religion (Hindu religion), which has been in existence from the beginning of creation, its religious texts, its Deities, its rituals, and spirituality. From a gender as well as a religious perspective, the whole spectrum of Hindu marriage certainly indicates the discrimination particularly towards women. The Hindu marriage ceremony consists of a series of ritual performances, the most important of which are the gift of his daughter by the father to the bridegroom (kanyadan). Tenthly, the Hindu Marriage does not allow a widow to enter into wedlock. Vivaha is primarily meant for the discharge of one’s Dharma. Parsi Law. Plagiarism Prevention 4. TOS 7. Disclaimer 9. S.5/11 & 12 of the HMA are pertinent here. It is a sacramental marriage because it is considered to be a permanent and indissoluble union, eternal union, and holy union sanctified by performance of religious ceremonies. Only it is raised to an ethical plane.”. For this reason, too, it is considered to be religious sacrament. Only death can normally separate those who have been united through holy matrimony. The Act calls marriages solemnized under the Act as Hindu marriages which may be … Sixthly, marriage is one among several sacraments (Sanskaras). Is Hindu Polygamy Allowed? Young people today marry not for performing duties but for companionship. With His grace may I never be… Scholars are of the opinion that permitting divorce has not affected the sanctity of marriage because divorce is resorted to only as a last reset. Muslim Marriage. Fourthly, the completion of the Hindu marriage requires the performance of certain religious rites like ‘Homa’, ‘Panigrahana,’ ‘Saptapadi’ etc. Thirdly, the essential corollary of the sacramental nature of the Hindu marriage is its indissolubility. A Hindu marriage is valid and complete only when certain religious rites like ‘home’, ‘Panigrahana’, ‘Saptapadi’ etc. In the ultimate analysis it can be said that the marriage is Islam is neither purely a civil contract nor as a sacrament. I suggest the Indian Psychiatric Society people to read some Books on Sociology also. Under this Act, a proposal and acceptance are mandatory, and consent for marriage must be free and sought without coercion. In general, however, Hindus think of marriage as a sacrament rather than - as in Islam and Judaism - as a civil contract. I and my husband be free from death as the ripe melon is freed from its knot in the creeper. They are bound to each other until the death of either of them; and the wife is supposed to be bound to her husband even after death.” After the solemnization of marriage, the couple is regarded to be one personality and because of that reason the ‘gotra’ of the wife is merged into the status and personality of the husband. The Hindu Marriage Act also applies to anyone who is not a Muslim, Christian, Parsi, Jew or from an exempted scheduled tribe While Christian, Hindu and Parsi marriages are treated as a sacrament, Muslim marriages are considered a civil contract that requires no religious ceremonies or writing Hindu marriage can be defined as religions sacrament in which a man and woman are bound in permanent relationship for physical, social and spiritual purpose of dharma, procreation and sexual pleasure. It is not only a social institution but also a religious sacrament. Manu holds that a man without marriage cannot fully develop his her personality and must be regarded incomplete and imperfect. Sanskara is a socio religious rites by performance of which life of present Hindu is samctified. The aim of ‘Praja’ is also religious in character, although it is also social, in the sense that it is directly connected with the social function of perpetuating the family and the community .It is the Hindu view that a son is absolutely necessary to save one from a hell called ‘put’. According to R.N. Since sacraments are only for the baptized and marriage takes place between two people, both persons must be baptized in order to celebrate the Sacrament of Marriage. This view has been accepted by the High Courts of Bombay and Madras. This project essentially aims at analyzing the changing concepts in hindu marriage. But with the enactment of Act, the sacramental aspect of the Hindu marriage has been challenged. are duly performed by a Brahmin with Agni Devata taking cognisance of the rites. Moreover, marriage is one of the few sacraments that are common to all manner of men, including women and Sudras. Marriage is one of the most important of the samskaras (Hindu rites of passage). Image Guidelines 5. It is to be noted that Hindu institutions, be they sociological, economic, political or whatever, can be properly appreciated only when studied against the background of the Hindu culture which, in turn ,is based solely on the perennial wisdom of the Hindus. K.M.Kapadia sums it up as follows: “Marriage was desired not so much for sex or for progeny as for obtaining a partner for the fulfillment of one’s religious duties. Marriage to a Hindu is of great individual and social significance. Hindu marriage is an ancient tradition which is prevailing form the Vedic period to the modern world with a different modification that has occurred until now. The Hindus attach religious sentiments to marriage. The permanent character and indissolubility of the Hindu marriage has been emphasized by the Apastama Dharma sutra and Manu. In Hindu law there are several religious ceremonies like : - Engagement - Exchange of garlands (var mala among bride and groom) - Saatphere (7 rounds around the fire by bride and groom) - Saptapadi (7 steps taken towards the direction of moon by bride and groom) Hindu marriage is a sacrament as the concept of divorce was unknown to ancient Hindu texts.

hindu marriage a religious sacrament

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