"*�M�%))�&�yZ��"��K MRt�@�M�>n0��-7a��Zz�����!XQwBt�u�UX|���/�‘�n ��/t��-��IP�3��'��]�Ϭʇ0D�fu$o:��LZ�CE Ultimately, mother tongue … 0000001315 00000 n “The mother tongue is never, never used. 0000000616 00000 n 0000000800 00000 n ���x���0yl��ZY8��S�F��c� They looked mother tongue as beneficial tool to teach a foreign language. Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site. Teach the learners how to use it by looking, covering, saying and checking. H�dS�r�0���N�c�����[&�)�6>�BS��V"]>���R�e�'�@,�v��ȋ� trailer <]>> startxref 0 %%EOF 71 0 obj <>stream @5? You do not have to re-teach this in English. H�|Wێܸ��?�)=m]��@b{ v6p����b���^��F���II��l���Ud]N�:��� ���l��nj�чb��y��m�h������/���׏���w�L/�?���v�e��O�/�_�b�";�r�-V[�j�'�l�ǹ [|c�O���s�gO�E�oW�Λ���'��$�Ǖ�}��[�;�[�ϊwO��E\ƛwEF�~}Z���������g��ẻ���:�;�u<5��k��Zn2�Ϣ�3 The term of language transfer is first put forward by Robert Lado (1957) based on the theory of behaviorism: Individuals tend to transfer the forms and meanings of their native language to the foreign language both productively It is accepted in this study that learning the language of … 4. How does mother tongue affect second language acquisition? Muߓ�]O����sb�MY��b����g��/�y���ɱ�O������ )�2i�e�H����Xy�UE��9耦u/���hc�/�+0]�5��O���|��E��������YehMӋ�l������/�1[�̓�ϟA���)��|B��`�Y����d�ɭj�JSk/��G�i1���GH�(g�@��u9��±OoSȧ���-�s\-8��9}��z�Lu����u�[0�x��g�Ru�|�B"� 0 /-� endstream endobj 65 0 obj <>stream Local and international research has found that children learn to speak, read, and write more quickly in their first language, and can pick up a second and third language more easily if taught in their first language… �.ه�O� p,��^����%�{Ik�١�/��l:z��{��N`�Ix�9��&M11�mF��}�N^-D-�_ ��'� ��Q�~d����+ݷ�7v|z�?&�#n�+�yQ�[�b%���Җb���y�N�瓜O [����Ee┒�����8��^�θ��T��[� p*�"�H�>��#�/_�+?�S�dŚ`�&�;� �Fx*�l�� �/� ��L� endstream endobj 66 0 obj <>stream Another experiment has participants listen to an artificial, made-up language for 20 minutes. Most teachers feel that the use of L1 should be minimized and they feel guilty if they use it a lot. The English language can help you learn … As students are learning a second language, most of the classes are in English. With her international collaborators, Tremblay manipulates intonation cues similar to the example above to test how listeners use these cues to recognize words. g� ��pVYI�=�}���^�a�aW3}#�Y�J�|�2�y+|��[f䩑��!�y�X�j�Db�ͽ���c “The moment we hear a new language, all of a sudden we hear a stream of sounds and don’t know where the words begin or end,” Tremblay said. The effectiveness of a mother tongue based education to improve learning outcomes and second language acquisition in public primary schools of Zone 3, Mauritius Preeya Daby University of Leicester Abstract If Blommaert (2012) enumerates the richness of multilingualism in … 0000002598 00000 n �l[( *��|���ށ>� WbN�/E g�U �TK�_`0���˕Z_`���'4x[��4@���3t����i�z�C��!��}�ǂ��m=�/,0���^2}��*���}�OYz@��wא�P�dj�����e&V\^f���qDžox{_Aƨ��z=��Su+mgm���%�x{���\���&�.���_���ֵ��������v���;V���Qp�kA�U�,+���I����"���&�-�@�h6i�-�-��դ� ��Z'o���n��rQh7L��cmƱP"����'O�,�«`�u��t� �������M�3��o���x߲�N�FN�ָA[�#or�G]�׍K���`�����io2�m���k@�x f�Ru|��ڧ��si�e�y�q��Y�6�lпϟ�� Z�,� endstream endobj 67 0 obj <>stream In the second language acquisition process, it may be useful for teachers to teach the new language using the mother tongue as support in order to develop not only the target language but also the … 4.7.1 English in all subjects except languages 92 . The various views are reflections on the methodology changes in English language teaching, which have in such way brought different perspectives on the role of mother tongue. This paper has a two-fold purpose. Unlike learning or first language, L-2 acquisition depends on many factors; most of these are connected to human characteristics. (��K�{�ݱ�/�l�%���k� ��-��7H������z�n�)�xN����z`�:]���6��$���k��Ε7mۊ-o$P��P�9���"ꪎ����?u� �Z Using mother tongue helps a child develop their critical thinking and literacy skills; Research shows that children learning in mother tongue adopt a better understanding of the … began to explore the role of mother tongue in second language learning. TPR is one of the most important teaching approaches which can be adapted to a various number of teaching situations, and children really have fun doing it. 21361 B. Pacific Coast Hwy Malibu, CA 90265, ©2020 Language Magazine All Rights Reserved. Liu (2008) did a rather straightforward and comprehensive research on the effects of L1 use on L2 vocabulary learning. They are then asked to identify words in that language. H�\S�z�0|�����~ Mother-tongue is the language that a child learns in his mother’s lap. It is the language which the child learns almost without any conscious effort on his part. This paper illustrates this discrepancy and considers some main reasons for it. The Advantages and Disadvantages of Mother Tongue in Teaching and Learning English for Specific Purposes (ESP) Classes The role of mother tongue in second language learning has been the subject of much debate and controversy. G Hd �]զ^�2��Qe���R�!�Sug�D�*��e�4����g����aoƉ��K�r�Rw��4�ܚak�E��,�Ӆ��kB�����Iu���Z��*;���^�G!�jN>κ|�5_;�.�Tz�5���v���:z����o[(��u���8f��e���3'4G5}q�������ŇZ&&q�C��yu[P�G&!�j*�����睪B�{d>+�����|����0 The use of demonstration, objects, pictures, drawings and miming is common for this method. In French, intonation drops during the first syllable of the next word. Sample 2: negative tag question. It’s also well known that a strong mother tongue foundation equips children with the skills …  Communication and Language - Mother Tongue Communication is essential for almost all living things; it lets us warn others of danger, share experiences, express feelings, and opinions. In fact, the longer a native French speaker lived in the U.S., the worse they did at using the cues from their native language. �P�둄!L��=!hc�h��8��gL.� ӓY�Q�K��c���?���?��� VL� endstream endobj 62 0 obj <>stream The Bilingual Approach: The monolingual approach had been criticized by some learners, researcher and teachers as they believe that first language can play an important role in second language or foreign language learning. 4.1.1 Contexts for language learning and learning through language 66 4.1.2 Background information on Khayelitsha 68 4.1.3 UNESCO’s 1953 recommendation and mother tongue education 70 4.1.4 Mother tongue education, bilingual education and multilingual H�|RK��0=�܁�I150)����EWYf�H��B&=��EN?�vR�(����$���XƎ�:����W�Pk(��||�v8�y:9>��X���a��X��6P�i6��.3Y�&j�,Nf�k��~��F�W����pW������`I*5���/ZY�0h!�eU� �\t�M�eW�5Q�UQ�vC��?�i]-��rk��� INTRODUCTION. SLA research has to take into account the reality of the English language classroom on a global scale. 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A new study is exploring how a person’s native language can influence the way the brain processes auditory words in a second language. uQ�e͋�Ń����늩�21��>U�S�2?���4���+���8uy�@�(2�e P����^��%H����iZ&h�*.��n\ሠ��}�!Vzנ��i��A.g���$�a�n�f�u0΂h�С��p���Ӏ�c�UE�����z���C�~�%-���O����n�U�]��w�!����6Qh�s�p��g��a�3����#�h=foxG�bIm�_4:J�ٹ������y���y��;�Ի9U^�##ߺ�*o@]�=���:]#m��9x��ڿO"��9&�9�7&�8�BEÄ]��[7�g�f��u�c��ؽ���e�% 4.7.1.3 Expense associated with mother tongue instruction 99 . 4.1. Tema. When dealing with abstract vocabulary using the association of ideas is recommended… *��kln��Q^���b4��UU�(��ID�F;|�x w�8�t^�����y��w�h�f]�� ҁG����t���(k�RD. • It may have some official status in the country. The mother tongue is therefore the greatest asset people bring to … Grade 4 is a transitional year in which the mother tongue plays a supportive role in the teaching. 4.7.1.1 Perceived practical benefits 93 . How can we efficiently connect teaching in their mother tongue to teaching in a second language later on? 0000003902 00000 n The Concepts of Mother Tongue, Second Language and Language Transfer According to Ashworth (1992), mother tongue or native language is the language which the person acquires in early years and which normally becomes his/her natural instrument of thought and communication. In addition,…show more content…. Problems and principles in English Teaching. SGBs still choose English as the language of learning and teaching (LoLT) in more than half the schools in South Africa, although English is the home language of only 7% of the population. Mother tongue influences which affect Second Language Learning. The idea of using mother tongue (MT) in English Language Teaching (ELT) classrooms is not something new to the critics concerning with the beneficial or non-beneficial sides of it. “This suggests that the speech processing system is extremely adaptive. learning second language or foreign language. 'Mother Tongue Materials and Second Language Literacy' (ELT Journal, 37/4 : 312-318) Brumfit, C. 1980. Sample 2 was based on a personal encounter Student 2 had during a 15 week-immersion in an English … One argument in favour of mother tongue education is that teaching and learning could be more effective. 3 The mother tongue in English lessons In the last chapter, opinions on the role of the mother tongue in the foreign language teaching dominating in the last two centuries were introduced. An eye-tracking device determines when and how long the participant focuses on each word. UNESCO has encouraged mother tongue instruction in primary education since 1953 (UNESCO, 1953) and UNESCO highlights the advantages of mother tongue education right from the start: children are … �߁���\�a�-�iw�� ����o�g�?⠟(���GX{��o3�p#����5J)�y��|�OD& �J ��Ulڋ�m{�J�tE��/��Bʒ��,m?hwMu�4n�����S��l��N��h�h���p�uI,ݛ�!�֫�a���vV�=*jA. • English is the second language in India. The role of mother tongue in teaching and learning of English has been discussed in literature. However, there is one small difference: Korean intonation drops before the next word begins. 1989. One is to review the stances of language-oriented theorists, who are practicing foreign/second-language teachers and learners from various parts of the world, regarding the long-standing controversy over whether or not the learner’s mother tongue plays a positive role in the foreign/second-language learning-teaching context. d�wY�����T�z��H芜�T+���S�!�ܨ|C�]�ғ7��.Ȉ ă�vZ��S~��79H#7����$i:p�M#�of�4�@�����ci� ��ſ� �L-�aIB�����+4 �:9�����P�P7p���S���я`��K�*��eU��y� W����SG�!|�@}����?�IT4�tE���D*�:B�=��#5�NF�h�b��. “For English speakers, the differences between English stress and French prominence are so salient that it ought to be obvious and they ought to readjust their system,” Tremblay said. “Whereas in Korean they think, ‘Oh, this is just like Korean.’ It sounds similar, and they don’t readjust their use of this information.”. Therefore, it is very important that parents speak their mother tongue at home. �����V�*��wvi�͢�酢��F�ZR�,�pm`��������IZ�{���.`����ɤ1��(z�w�k"���J���f�i��{+����^$N�A��Մ��� �v����聾��K@�"T]z� �+�`����n����݊}M�a�mC/��Y�/:�7T�~�~z;�d���,��㫒W�I �KRm���-@'���-f@uqlX8�x��$�'๷�W�� kindergarten at this school, the number of hours in English (second language) and Spanish (first language) are not equivalent. 4.7.1.4 Divisive nature of mother tongue instruction 100 The following chapter moves on to the current approaches to the issue. This right is, however, qualified by the consideration of reasonable practicability, which is defined in the Language in Education Policy of 1997 as occurring when 40 learners in a particular grade in a primary school, or 35 learners in a particular grade in a secondary school, demand to be taught in their mother tongue. Ask learners to use a remember book which shows vocabulary in English and mother tongue. The term of mother tongue refers to a traditional/conventional family situation where the mother is the person who passes on the language to the child and is the main provider for input in that language for … through the use of mother tongue as medium of instruction in Grades 1-3 and the teaching of mother tongue throughout formal education. 0000003278 00000 n 0000005147 00000 n Role of Mother Tongue in Teaching English as a Second Language to Tamil Students (Special Reference to Undergraduates of the University of Jaffna, Sri Lanka) 442 Chart - B The post-test result of the control group is shown in Chart-C and that of the experimental group in Chart-D. It discusses both content in favour of use of mother tongue and content against the use of mother tongue among other issues. In the case of the mother tongue, the child learns it easily, due to the favourable environment and by the great amount of exposure to the language. A new study is exploring how a person’s native language can influence the way the brain processes auditory words in a second language. Another concern is the status of English as an international language. In one experiment, participants hear a sentence containing a phrase such as ‘chat grincheux,’ see four word options on a computer screen such as chat, chagrin and two unrelated words, then are asked to click the correct word. Overwhelming evidence demonstrates that the best way to achieve this is by educating children in and through their mother tongues, alongside a second and/or third language. Foreign language • Foreign language refers to a language … Annie Tremblay, an assistant professor of linguistics at the University of Kansas, is trying to better understand the kinds of cues second language learners listen for when recognizing words in continuous speech. “Even if we know words from the second language and can recognize them in isolation, we may not be able to locate these words in continuous speech, because a variety of processes affect how words are realized in context.”. Unlike learning or first language, L-2 acquisition depends on many factors; most of these are connected to human characteristics. Influence of mother tongue on academic performance of student studying English as a second language. Background to the Study The English languages acquire the status of second language … An example is the “z” sound, which is a common end to words in English but is not often found at the beginning of words. Tremblay points to English where a stressed syllable is a strong indication that a new word is beginning. H�T�͎�0��`ߡ��h��griW�C��D�c����6a���lHB.Qh�u���m���t����MY?���&�[k�#i��������P��������e�� GJ{�5[֒�XK��«��B;�*�w0B�5�ӄ�J_弣ޚ���"A- Role of Mother Tongue in Teaching English as a Second Language to Tamil Students (Special Reference to Undergraduates of the University of Jaffna, Sri Lanka) 442 Chart - B The post-test result of the … ��JU�Wm^��aDX�R�jn��U���:����z��}�F�'�����/��U��{`���5 �\O�%w�� 56 0 obj <> endobj xref 56 16 0000000016 00000 n �FtolG��J��c�Z From the Faculty of Arts, University of Jaffna, 50 undergraduates studying in the 3rd year were selected at random and divided into two groups i.e. z��8�S�\z������g� )+���(s������ �5�Q^ƿU�ᴿ��H�*���!�>( �c5�A�w� �^�$k��,0-BI���P�9,C���7����ު��Q�FL��u�xa@��$��%���Ѵ�RNYG.����p�C�p������֩W�����6�*�m��E�_n�׭O�e�䯪����˄��I��+ڨD����Y�•/E��l�s The role of mother tongue in second language learning has been the subject of much debate and controversy. It is much harder, however, to teach these abstract skills directly through a second language. How does mother tongue affect second language acquisition? International Journal of Research (IJR) Vol-1, Issue-11 December 2014 ISSN 2348-6848 op P a g e | 572 Role of Mother Tongue in Second Language Learning Dr. Manoj Kumar Yadav 0000000863 00000 n Since the implementation of mother tongue teaching, students could be less exposed to English so as to acquire English as a secondary language less effectively. For second language learners, some cues are easier to pick up than others, such as which consonants are common in starting and ending words. The research group continues to collect data and plans to include native Dutch speakers who speak French. A. One of the advantages of modern lan- guage education is that learners’ er- rors based on transfer of mother tongue (L1) properties into second language (L2) production are much less fre- quent than … In 2009, the Department of Education (DepEd) recognized the benefits of teaching children using their mother tongue or first language. Inspired by his research, this study aims to address the problem of low proficiency learners in Malaysian secondary government school. In general, most students grow in the condition of native language and they prefer learning in the mother tongue. Many admit the mother tongue has a role to play (Nunan 1999: 73, Carter 1987: 153, Brown 2000: 138, Dornyei 1995: 58, Holliday 1994: 7), although in most cases, a very limited one. Translation (Oxford University Press) Kramsch, C. 1993. H��T���0���7��4Mϝ�đ� In his study, he managed to prove that bilingual vocabulary teaching method is actually suitable for Chinese EFL learners (Liu, 2008). When you teach English abroad, you'll be bound to experience people who speak English with mother tongue influence. Feelings, which are important for the child's development, are also passed on through the mother tongue. 0000002702 00000 n Mother tongue should be taught as a subject. Learning of the target language can be facilitated by making use of learners' linguistic knowledge in mother tongue." The various views are reflections on the methodological changes in English language teaching, which have in such way brought different perspectives on the role of mother tongue. ]ꜚ9�I���Fv��6���NN D�"Wԏ��� =/���� c+���i*8Z��9�2�a4B�T��#E�}�u��$>�ͮc`ˁ� Z �y�V,/WQ�먜L�q��7c|F6:GÈ��b�EJ]�ȏ�1�1����K��F��Ð����8���j���d�v�u���;,[n�pY�;I�Gb�Uu����3�;?neCfrՐ�g�]r�L��fNe�I弱=�9�h׳H��ԭ%��n*Z��-�#��Ҙ�"��%�����E�h��G��vm42����b�z����[J� �/����%0���H~,ד�/\�����n ��w�? In this study, the target populations were students and English teachers from public day secondary schools in Gatundu. In the same way, learners automatically transfer knowledge acquired in one language to another language as soon as they have learned sufficient vocabulary in the new language. An example of confusion is the French phrase for cranky cat, which in French is “chat grincheux.” For a brief second, the phrase can sound like the English pronunciation for “chagrin,” a word with French origins. In this study, the target populations were students and English … Overwhelming evidence demonstrates that the best way to achieve this is by educating children in and through their mother tongues, alongside a second and/or third language. :� endstream endobj 63 0 obj <> endobj 64 0 obj <>stream 0000001969 00000 n They looked mother tongue as beneficial tool to teach a foreign language. 0000005689 00000 n Subjects were eighth grade students who had acquired a Heritage Language at home and who had enrolled in an English‐medium programme up to grade 4. Importance of Mother Tongue in Education. how first language affects second language. O���Q��o��31u�(����欚-Yd��i�h�.&.��$=��#oˢ�w릶�퇛 O����ج^�כ��'M���I�߰@��6��ח���N�T��%sZ/���fhm�B0��sZK��� ��=�D�akh�ńBa5�uJ�s���u@DOOA��»�&�$e$$��#��o8n�&�ξ�-��[�"8 ��I����?�J�;�YZ2\��4��2�E��u<9�+� �0 endstream endobj 68 0 obj <>stream She also is studying how adaptive adult learners are in acquiring these new speech cues. 4.2. This is when their main language (mother tongue) is influencing how they speak English.For example, they might use English vocabulary with their native grammar, or they might use different expressions that don't sound natural. �H!M�}s�c�!��Ô;�}D�������8w� ����Q���ځÛo��p�4\���$��uHJ��ysyQ��G��C���ߑ�/����wyj���1��,��M���&y$�2��[/NWJ(��BCy�H��M���Yl{�qh���bS]Je W���S:o���]���ߴ9Ӭ���Q �a��kҩq����Y�J?�ȏZ5��]J'�4�#2OD�㄂h�/��er_Y�c��?zeU�1����詒4�T'SB��������iJx�q�m�LDTE���t��I�O�#V[�K?Q�ە:�-e'�:�#�8!�u̥Qޟ��j�W4��T �l7�:�|�WĖG0��9c�����N1��;S /��dPAwxS$3�8��m|��jx2Yo�'hB�B%r透���ȉ��6§�^Q: �P�aL�*#v|~�_� 1.1. 4.7.1.2 Difficulties associated with mother tongue instruction 97 . Even though the school has changed the curriculum during the past two years, due to the importance of developing the mother tongue from the This paper examines the effect of mother tongue literacy on third language learning in an English/French bilingual programme in Toronto. � �|ְ!���B6�P��&u �"��;m jҀ�2\�Ҟ�{�Ե�'�E 5PS��d:�v� ��a̅��F���k�-���76�{.���ЀVdt�{�\GȺem� Ls�� �Qy��) (Pergamon) Duff. The teaching of English as a second language increased opportunity, social status, and social elasticity. There is no translation“ (Mora)1. �#��0��͋�����b�"�Vs���8�اc���}�#��,� among ELT practitioners. For example, in French and Korean, prominent syllables tend to be at the end of words. This study will replicate the research done by Liu (2008) to investigate the role of L1 in L2 vocabulary learning.

role of mother tongue in teaching english as second language

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