On the other hand, the poverty index is highest in the Philippines at 26 percent compared to the Asean: Thailand (11 percent, Vietnam (8.4 percent) and Malaysia a low (1 percent). “In many ways, the Philippines is advanced in gender and development, but there are still challenges,” Konishi said. One of the main causes of income inequality in the Philippines can be traced to educational inequality. worth reading indeed. But if there is one lesson that the Covid-19 pandemic has to teach humanity, it is that, for one to be safe, others must be also. According to a study conducted by José De Gregorio, income inequality increases with educational inequality. This would not be compensated by the government’s adjustment measure program under which an affected worker is promised Php 5,000 (USD 98) in cash as an alleviating measure during the ECQ period. It has 3 major parts. [11] The monstrous face of social inequality is revealed during times of crises and pandemics. When the state of national health emergency was declared by President Rodrigo Duterte last 8 March 2020, the country had already recorded ten Covid-19 cases and had gained the reputation of having the first death outside of China. Open access, high quality wealth and income inequality data developed by an international academic consortium. A 2009 report showed that the poorest 20% of the population had only 4.45% of the national income. [6] Friedrich Engels, “The Housing Question,” in Karl Marx and Frederick Engels: Selected Works, vol. [6] In the absence of decent housing where one can shelter oneself from the dangers of a contagious and deadly virus, one can merely secure a night’s rest on exposed sidewalks most vulnerable to the threat itself, thus defeating altogether the very notion of quarantine. Unfortunately, social stigma and discrimination are a feature of many schools and universities, businesses, and public offices. She is a former college instructor from the Philippines and is currently a freelance writer and blogger managing her portfolio. Since 2008 there has been an average growth of about 6% annually but the main reason economic advantages are not being felt by most Filipinos is that this national income growth is the result of investments from the elite sector comprising only of 20% of the population. After the destruction of lands, people who are not part of the elite found opportunities for living through buy and sell. [7] Bulatlat, “300 Families in Pasay Lose Homes Amid COVID-19 Pandemic,” Bulatlat: Journalism for the People, 18 March 2020, available at https://www.bulatlat.com/2020/03/18/300-homes-in-pasay-demolished-amid-covid-19-pandemic/; 29 March 2020. Inequality has slightly widened in the past year in the Philippines, where only 0.1 percent of the adult population has wealth of more than $1 million. There are more stories of abuse and discrimination against the poor, the Muslims, women, and other ordinary citizens during the implementation of the ECQ in the Philippines that manifest social inequality in the country. Considering all of these, the wealth disparity and inequality in the Philippines are rooted in historical events and can probably take too long to be resolved, if possible, since the economy is controlled by 20% of the elites. In addition, the current constitution of the Philippines does not encourage 100% foreign ownership over an asset in the country limiting investors interested in working here, thus, less job opportunities for people. However, most experts will also say that there actually is enough jobs for all but there is not enough number of qualified individuals. This aspect is the greatest barrier to explaining gender inequality. Great inequality across income brackets, regions, and sectors, as well as unmanaged population growth, are considered some of the key factors constraining poverty reduction efforts. INEQUALITY IN THE PHILIPPINES: ... Inequality is a prominent feature of Philippine society, and sociologists have devoted considerable attention to the examination of aspects of that inequality. Income inequality correlates with educational inequality In the Philippines, unemployment is high, inflation is high and there is huge income inequality. [10] And what is allotted to them through distribution is exchanged through the value equivalent to their labor power. 2 (Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1969), 305. A research on wealth disparity also pointed reasons and effects of this on the Philippine set up and has suggested improvements on the Philippine system that could possibly alleviate poverty, as stated in the Philippine MDG in 2015. “Eliminating inequality of opportunity in economic participation could increase worker productivity in the region by 7 to 18 percent,” said Mr. Mason. Technically recuperating from war, the Philippines becomes composed of what is now known as the 80℅ middle and lower class and the 20% upper class population. A study by a research and advisory firm in 2011 revealed that the gap between the rich and poor is widest in the Philippines as compared with other Southeast Asian nations. Or rather, from a Marxist perspective, individuals, through exchange, could only demand that portion of the social goods allotted to them by distribution, the latter being determined by social laws beyond the agency of the individual. © 2017 The International Marxist-Humanist. They can afford the simple luxuries and are able to maintain certain lifestyles but they suffer high income taxes. Note: See more recent data on the Philippines on the dashboard Philippines: By … inequality in the Philippines such as trends in nationwide income inequality and international comparisons. The NSCB estimates showed that the proportion of While the enhanced community quarantine seems to have an equalizing effect to all affected citizens, a closer look both at its content as well as at its application reveals a social inequality that has haunted the Philippine society for centuries already. Fields were exploited and destroyed, resulting in loss of income generating means for most Filipinos who relied heavily on agriculture. Income inequality in the Philippines is the extent to which income, most commonly measured by household or individual, is distributed in an uneven manner in the Philippines. And these people made up more than half of the population. This situation of homelessness is worsened as demolitions of informal settlements continue despite the declaration of a national health emergency.[7]. – Focusing on poverty problems and Being critical will show that poverty and unequal wealth distribution is the result of an unending cycle of lack of knowledge that leads to abuse and less opportunities. And if ever there are jobs, salary rates among regions differ, even if prices of commodities is the same everywhere. If the basis of gender inequality theory is based on what the society imposes, then there is a higher possibility of failure. The Department of Justice, contrary to the action against Dorothy Espejo, called for compassion in relation to the Senator’s case. [5] Gerardo Sicat, “Historical Roots of Urban Squatting,” PhilStar, 21 November 2017, available at https://www.philstar.com/business/2017/11/21/1761150/historical-roots-urban-squatting; 29 March 2020. It is well documented that income inequality is on the rise, with the richest 10 percent earning up to 40 percent of total global income. 2, 305. Despite strict protocols on self-quarantine, the senator breached not only these protocols but the ECQ itself by rushing his pregnant wife to the hospital, thus potentially endangering not only his wife and his unborn child, but also all the health workers he came into contact with during that time. The dynamic women's movements of the Philippines in Southeast Asia are composed of women from various social classes, ideological orientations, religious affiliations and … The difference of income between the rich and the poor could cause tension in society and political instability. Sen Aquilino Pimentel, on the other hand, is Covid-19 positive. [13] The senator’s reckless action forced the health workers he came into contact with under self-quarantine to be exposed to the virus thus diminishing the number of health workers in a country that is in dire need of nurses, doctors, and other health workers. The gap between the rich and the poor is correlated using the Gini Index and the Palma ratio.

what are the bases of inequality in the philippines

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