I want to break things, cause damage, and manipulate others into feeling guilty and sorry for me. © Copyright 1999-2020 Universal Class™ All rights reserved. While this democratic approach tends to put more power in the students hands, rules and obedience can be weakened. The role of the teacher here is to create and maintain disciplinary situations in the classroom. She has a great group of students in her fifth grade class who usually get along very well. Effective classroom management results in a smooth-running classroom where learning can occur. There are 9 types of classroom management approaches that can be applied by a teacher. Preventative Discipline Teachers with effective classroom management strategies establish expectations, guidelines and rules for behavior during the first few days of class. Acknowledge the student by telling them they are right, but that there will be consequences to their refusal to follow classroom procedure. on classroom management approaches of teachers. Students feel comfortable interrupting the teacher, as long as the question is relevant and insightful. While this classroom may be embraced by a majority of students, some may feel the unstructured setting does not ensure learning or challenges to learn. The class tends to be quiet for the most part, as students know interruptions are not tolerated. If, however, if they are disruptive again, negative consequences should be administered; such as contacting the football coach, parents or principal. Jake has been using assertive discipline in his classroom for about two months. Teachers manage the classroom by foreseeing and preventing problems, facilitating appropriate behaviors and addressing problem behaviors as necessary. Make learning objectives obtainable for all students. Hall passes and excused absences are rarely, if ever, granted. Classroom Approaches and Issues Articles. I will not tolerate any student engaging in any behavior that is not in the student's best interest, and the best interest of fellow students. Build relationships with kindness and respect. In the meantime, Mrs. Jones should reinforce his past successes, offer praise for good work done. This method teaches that the teacher has a "right" to decide what is best for his or her students. A teacher who exemplifies the authoritative approach is both warm and nurturing towards the students and expresses a genuine interest in students interests, concerns, and growth in learning. Have your students help you develop a code of conduct in the classroom. We are now getting to what most would call the “cool” teachers. Students feelings are highly regarded  and take precedence over classroom control. A collection of articles on classroom approaches and issues face in all schools, whether public schools, private schools, homeschools, or online schools. Assertive discipline is a simple, effective system to assist teachers in achieving peace and structure in the classroom. This will help them stick with the rules. If I procrastinate, pretend I have a disability, or don't do my work correctly, everyone will just back off and leave me alone. When classroom management approaches are effectively implemented, teachers minimise students behaviours that could make the learning difficult while teachers also maximise students’ behaviours that could facilitate or enhance effective learning. Types of Classroom Management: Assertive Discipline. More than a set of strategies or practices, CRCM is a pedagogical approach that guides the management decisions that teachers make. What do we mean when we speak of an instructor's style of classroom management? Lee Canter's background in social work (he holds a master's in social work) led him to a focus on classroom management. In order to achieve this axiom, teachers must behave assertively, not aggressively or passively. Looking at classroom management practices solely as ways to respond to undesirable behavior ignores the potential of alternative strategies that can prevent such behavior. Few demands or constraints on placed on the students, as they are empowered to “do your own thing.”  The students impulses and actions are accepted by the democratic teacher, and students aren’t as monitored. Culturally responsive classroom management (CRCM) is an approach to running classrooms with all children [not simply for racial/ethnic minority children] in a culturally responsive way. Using the assertive discipline method, what should Jake do? This approach can be viewed as a power system, because teachers have the power, and they set the specific rules to give students discipline and correct student behaviors. Create a bond, make sure the student knows you like them and care about them, but do not like their behavior. Teachers should keep in mind that with this method, forming trusting, cooperative relationships is key. The democratic teacher cares for his or her students very much and is very involved in their lives (as opposed to the authoritarian and authoritative teachers). Communication is open in this style and the teacher is very open to verbal interaction, including being open to respectful, critical debates. It is up to the teacher to determine which goal is driving the behavior of the student and help thwart it by using cooperative discipline techniques. Using a positive behavior management model that focused on cooperation, rather than authoritarian methods, to gain positive classroom behavior, the Canters hit upon a truly workable device that has helped thousands of teachers gain confidence in the classroom. Change the activity unexpectedly. For the most part, they are good students who do not disrupt the class. Founded by Dr. Richard Curwin and Dr. Allen Mendler, the program is utilized in more than 12 different countries. And these hold true no matter how you are teaching: in person, online, or in a hybrid model. Establishing effective classroom management takes time, and differs from teacher to teacher based on their personality and preferred teaching style, as well as being dependent on subject and age group. Teachers use theories to support their own philosophy of eduction and classroom management style. While consulting for many school systems throughout the United States, the Canters found that the majority of teachers were having difficulty controlling bad behavior in their classrooms. There are many different types of classroom management, just as there are many different approaches … Managing disruptive behavior is critical to creating an effective learning environment for your students. In this approach teachers provide students with the concepts they are required to learn and the tools to learn about those concepts, such as websites, books and videos. It is up to the teacher to decide which is motivating the student and to respond appropriately and immediately. Sam has been pretending to have vision problems. Having the ability to be assertive is key to this method. Give a "choice" time-out; sit quietly or go to the principal's office to sit quietly. Listen to students and show an interest in their lives outside of class. Cooperative discipline seeks to address this issue by having teachers put strategies in place that will build a student's self-esteem, thus encouraging them to change old behaviors and develop an interest in cooperating and learning. With this style, students might have assigned seats the entire term, as this builds stability and continuity. He should clearly remind them of rule number five. While, a teacher who embraces this sort of classroom management style may not be the student’s “friend,”  the student will be more focused on succeeding in the classroom. I will not tolerate any student stopping me from teaching. He has set clear guidelines, posted the rules on a board in the class for all to see and has consistently, but casually, pointed out students who are behaving to his standards. Rather, students are viewed as allies who are expected to cooperate for the good of all. … Discipline with Dignity, provides an in-depth flexi… The various approaches are as in the following description: 1# Power Approach Class management is defined as a process for controlling student behavior. It has no room for negatively disruptive behavior, bullying, or ostracizing of other students. Lee Canter's background in social work (he holds a master's in social work) led him to a focus on classroom management. Jake should point out that he understands they are pumped up after practice and that it is hard to take it down a notch, however, they are disrupting the learning of their fellow students. Stand close to the student while continuing the lesson. Additionally, this method holds to the theory that students misbehave to achieve one of four goals: attention, power, revenge, or avoidance of failure.
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